In previous articles, I have defined depression, its possible causes, and what it can lead to – if left untreated or without giving the individual the correct medical attention they need. We will try to identify the different types of depression because there is not just one type of depression, but it can be classified into various kinds that require other treatments. Therefore, it is important to diagnose what type you are dealing with so that the best medication can speed treatment and recovery.
Mild (chronic) depression or depressive disorder
Mild depression, also known as dysthymia, is a long-term (two years or more) depressed mood condition, but its effects on the sufferer are not as extreme. Many people with dysthymia are less interested in doing the things we used to enjoy, are unusually irritable, and have reduced motivation for work, family, or social activities. This type of depression usually goes undiagnosed because people don’t think the symptoms are “bad enough” to think they might be suffering from depression. Still, it can also be prevented from getting worse by discussing it with a doctor or other people.
Major or clinical depression
Major depressive disorder is a serious condition that usually lasts about six months if left untreated. It can be familiar and is often described as a problem with chemical imbalances in the brain or with the brain’s ability to communicate with the nervous system or the chemicals needed to provide balanced function. People with major depression are completely unable to enjoy life; the things that once gave them pleasure will no longer give them any joy at all. It can cause considerable pain or irritability, loss of self-esteem, or feelings of worthlessness and guilt. People with the major depressive disorder usually show most, if not all, of the signs listed under “Signs of Depression.”
Bipolar or Manic Depression
The bipolar disorder, sometimes referred to as manic depression, is a condition in which a person experiences intense mood swings. About one in 100 adults will experience bipolar disorder at some point in their lives. It usually begins during or after adolescence. It is uncommon for it to begin after the age of 40. Bipolar disorder can have a devastating effect on a person’s life and, if left untreated, can lead to suicide.
Melancholic depression is classic biological depression and is a very distressing condition. It can have a monophasic or biphasic course. The person is known to have different moods and to feel dissatisfied with everything they do. Unlike other forms of depression, melancholic depression may find its basis in stressful or traumatic life circumstances or may not be triggered by these situations. If these events are related to the depression of the person diagnosed with melancholic depression, the stress is not considered the cause of the event but rather its effect.
Non-melancholic depression means that the depression is not primarily biological. Instead, it is associated with psychological causes and is often related to stressful events in a person’s life, either alone or about their personality style. The non-depressive disorder is the most common type of depression. It affects one in four women and one in six men during their lifetime in the Western world. People with non-depressive depression experience depressed mood states that last longer than two weeks and impair social functioning (for example, difficulty managing work or relationships).
Psychotic depression is when people who suffer from depression experience hallucinations and delusions. Their delusions are often very negative and self-destructive and can make them feel more anxious. People with psychotic depression may also experience “psychomotor agitation”-an inability to relax or sit still. For example, they may tremble, become irritable, or move their legs a lot. Acute and severe anxiety, usually due to symptoms of psychosis, contributes to psychomotor disorder. Psychotic depression is a chronic, cyclical condition.