When you hear the term Clinical Depression, what comes to mind? Clinical Depression is a serious condition. This illness can affect the way you feel, the way you act and the way you think. It doesn’t mean you’re a loser. It simply means that you have a medical problem that has to be addressed. Functioning like you did in the past will not be easy. Activities that you once used to find entertaining may fail to interest you anymore. Clinical depression will cause you to feel remorse and hopelessness for long periods of time. This sickness will not simply disappear. It’s not like losing a loved one, the sadness eventually lessening. It’s a more serious, long term condition, is Clinical Depression.
In one of my previous articles, I covered the different types of Depression, and now let’s dive into major depressive disorder, also known as clinical Depression. Major Depression seems to run in some families from generation to generation, but it can also affect people who have no family history of the illness. A persistent feeling of hopelessness and despair is a sign that you may be suffering from this type of Depression. With severe Depression, it can be challenging to work, study, sleep, eat, and even enjoy activities with friends. Clinical Depression is characterized by a low mood for most of the day, especially in the morning, and a loss of interest in normal activities and relationships. Some people have had clinical Depression only once in their lives, while others have had it several times. It can affect people of any age or gender, including children.
To be diagnosed with clinical Depression, you must have five or more of these symptoms within two weeks. At least one of the symptoms must be depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), the guide used to diagnose mental illness in the United States. These symptoms can include
- Fatigue or loss of energy almost every day.
- Feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt
- Poor concentration and indecisiveness.
- Insomnia or lack of sleep (too much sleep) almost every day
- Loss of interest or pleasure in most activities
- Restlessness or dullness of the senses
- Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide.
- Significant weight loss or gain (weight change of more than 5% in a month)
- Subtypes of Major Depressive Disorder
- Five common subtypes of clinical Depression and their characteristics.
Atypical Depression: The three main components include excessive sleepiness (insomnia), a deep fear of personal rejection, and a tendency to come out of a depressive state when something good happens.
Melancholic Depression. Melancholic Depression is a classic biological Depression and is a very distressing condition. It can have a monophasic or biphasic course. The person is known to have different moods and is unhappy with everything they do.
Postnatal Depression: a common type of Depression experienced by women after giving birth, also known as postnatal Depression.
Seasonal Affective Disorder. It usually begins in the fall or winter and ends in the spring or early summer. Affected individuals are thought to react negatively to the reduced amount of sunlight and lower temperatures in the fall and winter seasons. Although seasonal affective disorder usually occurs in the fall and winter, some people also suffer from this condition in the summer. In addition, a rare form of SAD known as “summer depression” begins in late spring or early summer and ends in the fall.
Catatonic Depression: a rare type of major depressive disorder with symptoms that include complete nonverbal, immobility, and visual fixation; this may indicate schizophrenia.
Symptoms of clinical Depression are usually treated with psychological counseling, antidepressant medications, or a combination of both. Many cases of Depression can be managed with psychotherapy alone. Working with a sympathetic psychiatrist may be all a patient needs to keep an episode at bay or reduce its severity. However, it has been widely recognized that certain antidepressants can trigger suicidal thoughts in certain individuals, so some trial and error may be involved like any other powerful drug. In the most severe cases of clinical Depression, showing delusions and hallucinations, and were both medication and talk therapy have failed, electroconvulsive therapy is sometimes used as a last resort.
Clinical Depression can affect every aspect of your everyday life. Your thought patterns might change. You might become confused. Your mood and the way that you behave are also at the will of this unforgiving illness. Your life might go topsy-turvey thanks to eating and sleeping problems. You may find that the ability to concentrate, to focus on work, is gone. Clinical Depression will specifically affect your ability to deal with those around you. You won’t feel like the real you.
As mentioned earlier Clinical Depression is not a personal defect. It is not an illness that you can wish gone out of your life. There are no quick fixes like the power of positive thinking. It requires a medical treatment that can go on for weeks, months or years. People have been known to attempt suicide if this condition isn’t treated. In many cases you may feel you know why you are depressed. But the factors that cause it can be quite complex. Typically, it is a group of factors that lead to Clinical Depression. Your psyche, genetic factors, or even the environment might contribute.
Biological issues such as chemical imbalances can lead to Clinical Depression. This condition can also be caused by stress. Your psychological condition can be affected greatly by stress at school or at work . Worries like managing a family budget can be disastrous. It’s well known that alcoholics and drug addicts often contract Clinical Depression. A medical professional can help if either you or a loved one display symptoms of this illness